A Manual for Undergraduate Research in Field Biology
Part II. Design— how to collect your data

A Manual for Undergraduate Research in Field Biology
Part II. Design— how to collect your data

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Supporting Documents

Introduction

Your question or hypothesis

Four steps for designing a field study

1. Size and number of field sites

Size of sites

Number of sites

2. Identify the approach you will use for sampling your sites

A. Tools

transects

sampling plots

plotless sampling

B. Location

unbiased representative sample

random sampling

random number tables

uniform sampling

haphazard sampling

C. Number of samples

sampling effort

D. Plot (or point) placement

E. Examples of sampling designs

3. Figure out exactly what data you will collect and observations you will make

4. Make sure you design clearly addresses you question or hypothesis and printout your data sheets

Field data sheets

A final thought about what makes a successful study



Figures and Supporting Documents

examples of field sites

transects

sampling plots

transect-intercept method

point-quarter method

nearest-feature method

random coordinates diagram

random compass coordinates diagrams

sampling design diagrams

random number tables

field data sheets



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